Gingivitis and Periodontal Disease – Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention

dca-blog_gum-disease

Periodontitis is an infection of the gums. It is generally related to poor oral hygiene. The condition begins as a mild inflammation around the base of your gums; this stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. As it advances, it can destroy the soft tissues and the bone that holds your teeth in place. Although periodontal disease is extremely common, it is also preventable with good oral hygiene habits and regular dental care. For most people, prevention is as simple as brushing twice a day, flossing every day, and seeing their dentist regularly.

Common Symptoms of Gum Disease

The most common signs and symptoms of gingivitis or periodontitis include the following:

  • Red or purple gums
  • Swollen gums
  • Bleeding gums
  • Gum sensitivity or tenderness
  • Receding gums
  • New spaces between teeth
  • Presence of pus between teeth and gums
  • Bad breath or unpleasant taste in mouth
  • Loose teeth
  • Changes in bite

Causes of Gum Disease

Periodontitis begins when bacteria-laden plaque forms on the surface of teeth. Although brushing and flossing removes plaque, it re-forms within 24 hours. If it stays on your teeth for more than two or three days, it hardens into tartar, which requires professional removal. The bacterial toxins in plaque and tartar irritate and inflame gum tissues. Eventually, deep pockets form between your teeth and gums, and these fill with plaque, tartar and bacteria. As the infection advances under your gums, tissue and bone loss occurs. Although poor oral hygiene causes most cases, other risk factors include smoking, hormonal changes in women, diabetes, depressed immune function, medications that reduce the flow of saliva and genetic susceptibility.

Don’t Lose Your Teeth to Periodontitis

The long-term consequences of untreated periodontitis include early tooth loss and increased risk of serious medical problems like cardiovascular disease. To prevent them, practice consistent oral hygiene, visit your dentist regularly, and make an appointment immediately if your gums appear puffy and red or bleed when you brush your teeth.

To learn about our family dentistry practice in Atlanta, call Dental One Associates of Georgia today at (855) 979-3350 or make an appointment.

Dental One Associates offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in Atlanta. With 8 affiliated practices throughout Georgia, our offices are conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At Dental One Associates of Georgia, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at Dental One Associates of Georgia.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
Hygienist was extremely friendly, welcoming, gentle, thorough, and knowledgeable.
Sakquitta C.
Service at a level that is second to none! Awesome staff very friendly and attentive by far the best dental experience I have ever had!
Billy M.
Great service and DR Hair knows his stuff.
Mark W.
clean environment with professional staff and clinicians.
Marvin A.
I have been a patient at Dr. Grant’s since 1976 and have always had great work on my teeth there and Dr. Grant and staff are wonderful and friendly always to me and my family who also are patients […]
Peggy C.
Everyone was friendly and showed interest that we were taken care of with least amount of pain possible. Best trip to a dentist ever!
Cody H.
Great office staff and hygienist
Anna F.
Awesome services received by Dr. Johanson and his staff on every visit. He really takes good care of his patients and he explains the procedures thoroughly.
Nicole M.
From the Doctor to the staff 5 stars! They really care! Best professional group n all of Georgia, in my opinion.
Jefrey L.
Very good staff
Michael C.
Office staff, assistants, and Dr. Rausch are all courteous and take time out of their day to check on patients.
Brittany R.
Great service!
Chetan P.
Everyone is wonderful. From beginning to end!
Shelia W.
The service provided was excellent
Fringilla M.
Lene is super! Have a kind spirit and I enjoy her on each visit.
Mary W.
The very best care I have ever had – and I am an older lady. Hats off to everyone – from the greeter who is friendly and efficient. To the person handling the billing who worked hard to get my […]
Alena A.
Young professionals and very knowledgeable of patients care and concerns. I was very satisfied with Dr. B!! I highly recommend her..
Patrick S.
Dr. Perez is highly skillful, and compassionate. His assistant and the staff are friendly and treats the patients in a way which makes you feel they sincerely care about your pain and immediate needs.
Christine V.
Service
Alfredo P.
I’ve been going here for years to see Dr DeAngelis. My last visit was my first ever gum graft. I was uncertain of how things would go as I heard how painful this would be. Kesha made my wait time […]
Michael B.
We Accept Most Insurance Plans!
Learn More

We accept most insurance plans and will be happy to help you understand the coverage that you have. We will do our best to see that you receive your maximum insurance benefits for all covered services.

No Insurance? No Worries! See our discounts and offers here