Gingivitis and Periodontal Disease – Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention

dca-blog_gum-disease

Periodontitis is an infection of the gums. It is generally related to poor oral hygiene. The condition begins as a mild inflammation around the base of your gums; this stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. As it advances, it can destroy the soft tissues and the bone that holds your teeth in place. Although periodontal disease is extremely common, it is also preventable with good oral hygiene habits and regular dental care. For most people, prevention is as simple as brushing twice a day, flossing every day, and seeing their dentist regularly.

Common Symptoms of Gum Disease

The most common signs and symptoms of gingivitis or periodontitis include the following:

  • Red or purple gums
  • Swollen gums
  • Bleeding gums
  • Gum sensitivity or tenderness
  • Receding gums
  • New spaces between teeth
  • Presence of pus between teeth and gums
  • Bad breath or unpleasant taste in mouth
  • Loose teeth
  • Changes in bite

Causes of Gum Disease

Periodontitis begins when bacteria-laden plaque forms on the surface of teeth. Although brushing and flossing removes plaque, it re-forms within 24 hours. If it stays on your teeth for more than two or three days, it hardens into tartar, which requires professional removal. The bacterial toxins in plaque and tartar irritate and inflame gum tissues. Eventually, deep pockets form between your teeth and gums, and these fill with plaque, tartar and bacteria. As the infection advances under your gums, tissue and bone loss occurs. Although poor oral hygiene causes most cases, other risk factors include smoking, hormonal changes in women, diabetes, depressed immune function, medications that reduce the flow of saliva and genetic susceptibility.

Don’t Lose Your Teeth to Periodontitis

The long-term consequences of untreated periodontitis include early tooth loss and increased risk of serious medical problems like cardiovascular disease. To prevent them, practice consistent oral hygiene, visit your dentist regularly, and make an appointment immediately if your gums appear puffy and red or bleed when you brush your teeth.

To learn about our family dentistry practice in Atlanta, call Dental One Associates of Georgia today at (855) 979-3350 or make an appointment.

Dental One Associates offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in Atlanta. With 8 affiliated practices throughout Georgia, our offices are conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At Dental One Associates of Georgia, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at Dental One Associates of Georgia.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
Great staff. Easy to work with. Simple and up front billing explained before any work is even done. Love em!
Jason W.
Friendly staff that know their jobs
Brenda F.
Love this place! Super friendly and helpful.
Philip N.
Great folks at this practice! They are very caring and attentive. I’ve gone there for almost 40 years!
Lori M.
Dr. Grant/Conger has served my family for over 20 years.
Kimberly O.
Dental One has the most upbeat staff that make a dentist visit pleasurable. They are not only friendly but very helpful and knowledgeable They also work with you to keep costs down when you don’t […]
Russ W.
I came as a new patient yesterday and Had A good experience Dr Deangles was professional and straight forward so today I came and got my a resin.. Thanks Kesha for getting my fees together and […]
Whitney W.
Great staff and service. We have been coming here for over 30 years. Thanks for taking care of us over the years!
Mary S.
I have been a patient at Dental One Associates (College Park, GA) for more than 15 years. Surely, I would not remain with this Dental Office if efficient and professional services were not provided […]
Martha R.
I am very satisfied with your dental office.
Roger S.
Awesome experience from beginning to end! I came in for receding gums, and the doctors set up a a treatment plan that was quick and easy. I had me teeth cleaned today, and the staff was gentle and […]
Michelle S.
The quality of the clean and the friendliness of the dentist
Michael S.
An asset to dentistry all round.
Mikel P.
My 5 year old love it. Great customer service
VANESSA F.
Dental One of Roswell was excellent. The front office staff Donna and Pam were friendly and very helpful as were the dental staff and Dr. Hair. Needed treatment given. Treatment not necessary […]
Lori W.
Dr. Perez was amazing. I’m normally anxious about having dental work done. I needed to replace old fillings that had fallen out and found him through the positive reviews online. He was very […]
Oshetha S.
I hate the going to the dentist but I love this office and the staff!!! They truly treat you like you are the only one they treat!!
Billy M.
FRIENDLY STAFF.
Wanda E.
Best dental office ever. Everyone is friendly and actually care about you instead of your money.
THE B.
Love these folks. Nice , courteous, caring, thorough
Alesia T.
We Accept Most Insurance Plans!
Learn More

We accept most insurance plans and will be happy to help you understand the coverage that you have. We will do our best to see that you receive your maximum insurance benefits for all covered services.

No Insurance? No Worries! See our discounts and offers here